The Russian military says they are targeting Ukrainian airbases and military installations, not populated areas.
Ukrainian crisis: What is NATO and what is its purpose, which NATO countries…
But explosions were heard in Kiev, the capital of Ukraine. Explosions were also recorded in Odessa and Kharkiv, PA reports.
Where is Kiev located?
Kiev or Kyiv is the capital, the most populous city of Ukraine and the seventh most populous city in Europe, and also one of the oldest.
It is located in the north-central part of Ukraine on the Dnieper River on the outskirts of the Polessky woodlands.
Kiev is surrounded by the Kiev region (administrative region).
The city grew up on both banks of the Dnieper.
Why did Kiev become Kiev?
The Ukrainian name of the city, written in Ukrainian Cyrillic, is Kiev.
When written in the Latin alphabet, it is regularly referred to by the romanized name Kiev or Kiev.
The name itself is understood as a compound word, literally meaning “Kia Castle”, named after the city’s founder.
In Scandinavian sources Kiev was called Kenugard.
Kiev was the city’s historical English name, but its use in the West is now declining as it is based on the historical Russian origin of the name.
The growing conflict between Russia and Ukraine partly prompted a switch to the official romanized name Kiev.
After Ukraine gained independence in 1991, provisions were introduced on national guidelines for the transliteration of geographical names from Cyrillic to Latin.
The rules applied to legislative and official acts and documents from Ukrainian officials and were a clear indication of the spelling intended to be used. The leadership called Kiev the official name.
The spelling has now officially replaced Kiev in all English-language foreign diplomatic missions and governments around the world, including in the EU.
In 2018, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs launched the #CorrectUA campaign to promote the official spelling of Ukrainian names in order to correct “obsolete Soviet-era nicknames”.
How to pronounce Kiev
The pronunciation of Kiev is slightly different from the Russian name of the city.
While Kiev is pronounced KEY-EV by English speakers, the correct way to pronounce the name of the Ukrainian capital is KEE-EVE.
Nina Yankovica fellow at the Wilson Center and a former public relations adviser at the Ukrainian Ministry of Foreign Affairs, spoke about the importance of correct pronunciation.
“And part of that perception,” she says, “is that you describe Ukraine as a separate entity, and not as part of this supposed sphere of influence that Vladimir Putin wants to revive, in which all Slavic countries are part of a giant brotherhood, and he their king.”
Additional PA reporting