A new Amnesty International report highlights the abusive and illegal use of force by French police during the Techno Rio in Raden, Britney last June. Dozens were injured in a crackdown on party attendees and organizers, with one participant losing his hand when police used tear gas and explosive grenades to disrupt the event.
This week, French President Emmanuel Macron completed a series of security consultations aimed at “modernizing public safety policy for the benefit of police officers, gender arms and all French people.”
However, in a new report entitled “Raden: The Free Party of Repression”, the rights group Amnesty International has uncovered a number of human rights violations during law enforcement operations. Technological. The festival was banned earlier this summer by the Lle-et-Vilaine Préfecture.
During the night of June 18-19, 2021, Gendarmes fired tear gas, sting ball grenades and Explosive GM2L grenade At Technival participants near the town of Raden for seven hours, and the next day, before the organizers illegally destroyed the sound equipment.
Police intervention resulted in a young man losing his hand, injuring 11 genders and dozens of participants – with injuries, fractures, burns and respiratory distress.
Power was neither necessary nor proportional.
Using interviews with a dozen people who were present – journalists, participants and the head of the organization – as well as videos and other published documents, Amnesty International Has analyzed the police response to the incident in terms of international human rights law.
According to Amnesty, Evidence The Raden policing operation shows that the use of force was neither necessary nor proportional, as in French law and Fundamental principles of the United Nations On the use of force
According to Cécile Coudriou, President of Amnesty International France: “It is unacceptable for law enforcement to carry out operations. A castle to disperse a simple festive gathering, causing injuries, until they were mutilated.
The report’s author, Anne Sophie Sampera, told RFE / RL that the details of the humiliation of the revealer were vague: Cut off, “said the investigator.
“We can’t say anything, but let’s remember he was on the field at night, and grenades like GM2L were thrown out of sight – there was very little exposure,” and we know what kind of injuries he caused. Can do “
The police themselves investigate complaints.
In the wake of this report, Amnesty International is calling for an independent body to investigate complaints against law enforcement officers. Still this kind of police. “Ombudsman” It is common in many countries around the world, so why isn’t this institution already established in France?
Samper says this is a question that needs to be put to the French authorities.
“We had an ombudsman in France, but he has very little power,” she says. He has no investigative power when it comes to judicial inquiries.
“For allegations of police brutality, or discrimination by police forces, it goes to the IGP, which is one. Internal police procedures. So the police officers are being interrogated by their colleagues. “
According to the author of the amnesty report, of the many people injured that night, most do not even consider filing a complaint because they believe that “they will not have access to justice.”
Whether the ban was justified or not, law enforcement officials did not respect the principle of necessity and proportionality in the use of force under international law.
For Amnesty, force was used as a first resort, without mediation or prior contact, at night, in a field, without instructions on how to evacuate the site.
Neither the ban on the festival nor the violence by some participants against the police can justify the failure of the state and its agents to respect human rights in all circumstances.
Furthermore, Radon is not an isolated case: even if it is the death of Steve Canio during one. Night police operation in Nantes. Contradictions and severe injuries during a party, or during a demonstration, Amnesty said police abuse has been localized in France for years.
The Ile-et-Vilaine prefecture was contacted by French media for comment but declined to comment, saying two investigations were ongoing.
“Crowd control grenades” are a regular feature of French police weapons.
In January 2020, GLI-F4 explosive grenades were taken out of use by French police, replaced by an allegedly unexploded GM2L grenade. Is an alternative grenade less dangerous than its predecessor?
Anne Sophie Samper is one. Amnesty International researchers And author of “Radon: The Free Party of Repression.”