Warsaw is setting up a special research institute tasked with studying the damage done to Poland by Nazi Germany and pushing for repairs from Berlin, the Polish premier has revealed.
The Polish prime minister, Mateusz Morawiecki, made the announcement in an interview with Germany’s DPA news agency, parts of which were published on Friday. Morawiecki said he signed a document last Wednesday that sets in motion the establishment of the institute, which will be named after prominent Polish resistance fighter Jan Karski. They said that “Subject [was] Not off the table, because Poland was treated so badly, received no compensation.,
The institute will organize various existing studies in the field and pursue claims against Germany.
In the same interview, Moravicki announced that, in February, a special parliamentary commission set up in 2017 would release its findings on the damage caused by Nazi Germany’s occupation of Poland. He acknowledged that “What we will do with this report, when and how, it has not been decided yet.“However, adding that was Warsaw”Preparing everything to present it to the world.,
According to earlier estimates from Warsaw, which were based on the 1946 list, the damage amounted to €800 billion ($901 billion). However, in 2019, a member of the commission suggested that the bill could actually exceed €887 billion ($1 trillion). In the same year, Poland renewed its pressure on Germany on the issue of reparations to coincide with the 80th anniversary of the start of World War II.
Warsaw is not alone in its efforts to make Berlin pay for the death and destruction of the Nazis on the occupied countries. Back in April, Greece renewed its demands for Germany, with a Foreign Ministry spokesman confirming that “question balance[ed] to open.,
Germany, in turn, insists that the issue was resolved in 1990, the year of its reunification, when the so-called Two-Plus-Four Treaty on East and West Germany and WWII allies USSR, US, UK and was signed between France. In the document, there was no mention of any sort of reparations which, in Berlin’s view, put the issue to rest for good. However, importantly, neither Poland nor Greece were parties to the agreement.
Berlin also points to a 1953 waiver on repairs that were signed by the Polish People’s Republic and the German Democratic Republic, but the Polish government claims it was approved only under pressure from Moscow, both countries at the time. Was part of the Eastern Bloc of the Soviet Union. , In 2018, the head of the ruling Law and Justice Party, Jarosaw Kaczyski, claimed that Poland never gave up its claim to reunification from Germany.
Like this story? Share it with a friend!