September 20, 2021

Of all the species of Komodo dragon and shark, 2 are on the verge of extinction in these 5 new red lists.

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Of the estimated 138,374 species, according to the International Union for Conservation of Nature’s (IUCN) endangered species list, about 30 to 30 percent are now in danger of extinction in the wild because of natural The devastating effects of human activity on the world are deepening.

Trapped in the island’s habitat made smaller by rising seas, Indonesia’s Komodo dragon was listed as “endangered” on Saturday. Wildlife The red list, which also warned of overfishing, endangered about five of the nearly two sharks. Extinction

But the latest red-list update for endangered species also sheds light on four commercial recovery prospects. Fish Dragging the tuna species to the brink of extinction after a decade of efforts to curb over-exploitation.

The most spectacular restoration was seen in the Atlantic Blue Fin tuna, which jumps from the “endangered” to the “least concern” safe zone in three categories.

The species – an important place for advanced sushi in Japan – was last estimated in 2011.

“These reviews of the Red List show how deeply our lives and livelihoods are linked to biodiversity,” IUCN Director-General Bruno O’Brien said in a statement.

‘Clare Call’

An important message from the IUCN Congress in Marseille, France, is that the extinction of endangered species and ecosystems is no less a threat than global warming.

At the same time, climate change itself is casting a deeper shadow on the future of many species than ever before, especially on endemic animals and plants that are unique on small islands or in hotspots of specific geo-diversity. Live

The Komodo Dragon – the world’s largest living lizard – is found only in the World Heritage-listed Komodo National Park and neighboring Flores.

Species are increasingly threatened by the effects of climate change, the IUCN said: Rising sea levels are expected to shrink its small habitat by at least 30% over the next 45 years.

Outside of safe havens, terrible throwbacks are also rapidly losing ground as humanity steps up.

“The idea that these prehistoric animals are on the verge of extinction, partly due to climate change, is alarming,” said Andrew Terry, conservation director at the Zoological Society of London.

He added that his fall during the UN climate talks in Glasgow was a “demand to clarify nature at the center of all decision-making”.

‘Dangerous rate’

The most extensive survey of sharks and rays so far revealed that 37% of the 1,200 species are now classified as directly endangered, one of three types: ” Weak, “” endangered, “or” severely endangered. “

This is the third highest extinction threat in more than 30 years, according to Simon Fraser University professor Nicholas Dulvey, lead author of a study published Monday.

“Overall, the group’s security situation continues to deteriorate, and the risk of extinction as a whole is alarmingly high,” he told AFP.

Five types of sofas – the shells of which are entangled in fishing gear – and the famous short-fan Miko shark are the most endangered.

Sonja Fordham, president of Shark Advocates International and co-author of the forthcoming study, told AFP that the chondrichian fish, which consists mainly of sharks and rays, is “important to the ecosystem, economy and cultures.”

“By not limiting the catch enough, we are endangering marine health and wasting opportunities for long-term sustainable fishing, tourism, tradition and food security.”

The Food and Agriculture Organization reports that about 800,000 tons of sharks are caught each year – intentionally or on the spot – but research shows that the actual figure is two to four times higher.

Conservation tracker.

The IUCN officially launched its “green status” on Saturday – the first global standard for measuring the effects of species conservation and conservation.

“It highlights the hidden work of security,” Molly Grace, an Oxford University professor and co-chair of Green Estates, told a news conference on Saturday.

The new yardstick measures the extent to which species are extinct or restored compared to the level of their historical population, and evaluates the effectiveness of possible past and future conservation measures.

Efforts to stem the decline in the number and diversity of animals and plants have largely failed.

In 2019, UN biodiversity experts warned that one million species are on the verge of extinction – expanding the spectrum that the planet is on the verge of its sixth mass extinction in 500 million years.

“The status of the red list indicates that we are nearing the end of the sixth extinction event,” Craig Hilton Taylor, head of the IUCN’s red list unit, told AFP.

“If trends continue to rise at this rate, we will soon face a major crisis.”

(France 24 with AFP)

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