Equipped with the right to vote, the natives have come to the meeting of the world’s leading Conservative Congress in the southern French city of Marseille, which is hopeful and cautious. Their representatives say they have clear demands, and they will not go quietly at night.
According to COICA’s Jose Gregorio Diaz Mirabal – who represents more than two million locals Nine Amazon nations“There is no point in having consultants and companies come to teach us how to protect what we have always successfully protected.”
His bold proposal is to ensure that 80% of Amazon is declared a safe area by 2025 – and his argument is simple.
“Half [tropical] Peter Selgman, a veteran conservative who founded an NGO, said 80 percent of the world’s forests and biodiversity are found in indigenous areas. New Tarot (Our Land) – Partially run by local leaders.
Walter Quertehuari is the leader of the Wachiperi people in southeastern Peru. Her community is recognized in the American Reserve. IUCN Green List For its work in protecting biodiversity.
Walter Quertehuari – President of Amarakaeri and UIUCN IPO Member – Presents the American Communal Reserve in Peru, which is part of it. UIUCN The Green List, and how these protected areas contribute to the conservation of the Amazon rainforest. pic.twitter.com/YrnSqjGaCx.
– IUCN_GovRights (IUCN_GovRights) September 3, 2021.
Unable to personally attend the International Conference on the Conservation of Nature due to quaid restrictions, Quertehuari reminded participants via video call that his people had cleared more than 400,000 hectares of forest for more than 15 years. Safety.
By stopping deforestation around them, he explained, his people have not only protected an important biodiversity hotspot but also prevented it. Planet warmer CO² By entering the atmosphere
Now is the time to return.
“We are talking about how carbon credits can be sold from the reserve,” he told IUCN’s first local summit.
Paying for the restoration or maintenance of healthy forests to combat climate change is not a new idea and United Nations Climate Convention For many years.
But such measures run into accounting and oversight issues, and some environmentalists say the concept is fundamentally flawed.
“There are local communities here who say: ‘As soon as you put a financial value on a tree, someone wants to cut it down, because that’s the story of our relationship with the West,'” Sligman said.
However, “local communities have a right to self-determination,” he added.
‘We are nations’
The full integration of local people into the IUCN has been a long and arduous process.
For Victoria Toli Corpoz, a former UN special rapporteur from the Philippines: “We have been invited for a long time, but the locals do not consider themselves a protection organization.”
“We are nations, we are people,” he added.
“And besides, membership is very expensive. Where do they think locals can get money?”
IUCN members – about 1,400 government ministries, research institutes and NGOs large and small – pay anywhere from about $ 300 to $ 21,000, depending on their size and resources.
“He’s been a member of the local group since the 1980s,” said Enrique Lehmann, director of the company. World Conservation Congress. “Notes were among the first.”
But none of these groups had the right to vote on important measures and proposals that are often the backbone of UN treaties or conventions.
After years of debate, it was agreed that indigenous peoples would have their own classification.
“This is the first time IUCN has made changes to its category,” Lehmann said.
Because of Cowade, there are far fewer indigenous workers in the Marseille Congress than in the past, which usually attracts up to 10,000 participants.
But now local representatives can fully participate in all debates, and when it comes time to vote, they will have the same status as NGOs.
Cheated for a long time.
In 2012, Relmo Namco, from. Mapuche people in Argentina, Was charged with attempted murder after blocking the entrance to the oil field.
At the end of a disturbing trial, she was. Retrieved in 2015..
She came to Marseille with a clear purpose: “We are very critical of the way security has been managed all these years.”
“Historically, protected areas have been created by occupying areas of indigenous communities,” he said.
He added that being part of the IUCN with voice and vote could “work to put pressure on our governments.”
However, not all Indigenous people are on the same page.
In the United States, for example, the Navajo have bought coal mines on their land and now exploited for decades. Run them for profit..
And there are other obstacles ahead.
Even with good intentions, there is still a misunderstanding or mistrust between science-based and traditional protection.
“Some. [traditional] Isato Deco, a local representative from Burkina Faso, acknowledged that communities are reluctant to share their knowledge.
He concluded that “and there is a reluctance on the part of scientists because they do not know how to measure reliability.”