October 20, 2021

Freedom of the press, opposition to Belarus or the Greta Nobel Peace Prize?

Media watchdogs, Belarusian opposition leaders and climate campaigners such as Greta Thunberg were among those killed in the announcement of the Nobel Peace Prize on Friday.

The highlight of the Nobel season, the prestigious Peace Prize, always fuels speculation.

But predicting the winner is a big guessing game.

There is no public shortlist, and only the number of nominations is known – 329 this year. The identities of the nominees have also been kept secret for 50 years.

The image of the prestigious award has been dealt a severe blow in recent years as its former winner, Ethiopian Prime Minister Abi Ahmed, was embroiled in a war.

Another, Aung San Suu Kyi of Myanmar, was accused of defending the massacre of members of the Rohingya minority.

This year, experts agree that little progress has been made in the worldwide peace process.

As a result, Nobel laureates have suggested that potential winners include Media Watchdogs Reporters Without Borders, the Committee to Protect Journalists (CPJ) or the International Fact-Check Network (affiliated with AFP). Also included is anti-corruption champion Transparency International. .

Heinrich Ardell, head of the Paislo Research Institute of Oslo, said independent media was “directly contributing to holding governments and movements accountable” and “fighting the growing challenge of fake news and misinformation”.

Belarus has also cited the non-violent opposition as a possible winner, condemning the August 2020 election fraud that gave strong President Alexander Lukashenko a sixth term.

Svetlana Tikanovskaya, who became the main opposition candidate after imprisoning her activist husband, is leading a peaceful opposition in Lithuania since her deportation.

The 39-year-old could win the award on her own or with two other opposition leaders, Maria Kolesnikova and Veronica Sepkalo.

Peter Wallenstein, a Swedish professor and conflict researcher, said it would be a strong statement emphasizing the role of women, democracy and non-violence.

Nobel historian Asley Swann noted that “Svetlana’s award would also be an indirect criticism of Putin.”

Nobel Peace Prize
This year, experts agree that little progress has been made in the world peace process Photo: AFP / Jonathan Nextrand

However, Swain said she would spend more money on Greta Thunberg, a young Swedish climate campaigner.

Respecting the work to protect the climate will send a strong signal just weeks before the major COP26 climate conference in Glasgow and two months after the UN’s Hazardous Environmental Report.

Research on climate models won the Nobel Prize in Physics on Tuesday.

“This is the most important issue right now,” Swain said.

In the same vein, the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and its head, Patricia Espinosa, have also been named potential winners.

Although previously seen as a real shot at the award during the epidemic, the World Health Organization (WHO) has been hampered by conflicts and the slow distribution of jobs in the Quakes Sharing Scheme in poor countries.

However, it is a favorite in Buckeyes.

According to its secretary, Olavo Njolstad, the nominations presented to the Nobel Committee in Oslo this year have had little effect on the epidemic.

“Someone might have thought so, but we can count them aside,” he told AFP.

Other names this year, albeit to a lesser extent, are campaigns to stop the killer robots – a favorite of the Norwegian Peace Council – Alexei Navalny, a leading figure in the Russian opposition, and the outgoing German Chancellor Angela Merkel.

Last year, the award was given to the World Food Program (WFP), the world’s largest humanitarian organization fighting famine.

A grand banquet celebrating the Peace Prize in Oslo in December each year was canceled last year due to epidemics and could happen again this year.

The Stockholm ceremony in honor of the winners in science and literature has already been canceled for the second year in a row, with the winners receiving prizes in their home countries.

The Nobel Institute in Oslo will decide in the coming days whether to hold its event online or in person.

Copyright AFP All rights reserved.

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